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Tuesday briefing: The Queen, the viceroy, her PM and the letters – The Guardian

‘Better for Her Majesty not to know’ before 1975 dismissal of Australian leader … England shoppers will have to wear masks … Ghislaine Maxwell in court

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Top story: Palace letters detail sacking of Gough Whitlam
Hello, Warren Murray breaking the seal on todays big stories.
The Queens representative in Australia discussed with Prince Charles the possibility of a showdown in which the countrys democratically appointed prime minister might be dismissed, letters released by the national archives in Canberra show.
Gough Whitlam, the PM, was sacked by the governor general, Sir John Kerr, on 11 November 1975. In the Palace letters, released today after a long legal battle, Kerr in the immediate aftermath writes to the Queens private secretary, Martin Charteris, that he deliberately did not tell the palace in advance about his ultimate decision to sack Whitlam because under the Constitution, the responsibility is mine, and I was of the opinion it was better for Her Majesty not to know in advance, though it is, of course, my duty to tell her immediately. But Kerr had spoken with Prince Charles beforehand about a situation in which either the viceroy or the PM could ask the Queen to dismiss the other, the letters reveal.
The Guardian Australia team is still analysing the trove of 211 letters, stretching to 1,200 pages here are some of the key points so far, and we are covering the revelations and reaction live. Predictably, the release temporarily brought down the Australian national archives website.
Masks in shops or fines Face masks will become mandatory in shops across England a week from Friday, ministers are set to announce today. A fine of £100 will be enforceable by police. The decision is understood to have been rushed forward after Michael Gove on Sunday said they should not be mandatory, contradicting indications from the PM last week. The delay until 24 July, though, raises concerns over the risk of coronavirus spreading in the meantime.
Britain must start intense preparations for a second wave of coronavirus that could kill as many as 120,000 hospital patients, senior doctors and scientists have warned. Their report for Sir Patrick Vallance, the governments chief scientific adviser, stresses the worst-case scenario is not a prediction but a description of how the outbreak may evolve if infections are allowed to surge and little is done to prepare the NHS and social care services.
Coverage of the coronavirus pandemic continues at our live blog. In our latest global round-up: Hong Kong is to impose strict new social distancing measures from midnight, while global infections have passed 13 million and the World Health Organization has warned there are no shortcuts out of the pandemic. In our science podcast today: with antibodies having implications for coronavirus detection and immunity, Nicola Davis asks Prof Eleanor Riley about how best to test for them and whether they are the only thing we should be looking for.
Cost of Irish Sea Brexit border Northern Irish businesses must be compensated for the millions of pounds extra it will cost them to trade with firms on the island of Great Britain after Brexit is completed, a group of MPs have said. Checks and controls on all goods coming from the rest of the UK will be required, to avoid a border on the island on Ireland. Business leaders have warned some firms could collapse under the weight of costs that will not be faced by counterparts in Scotland, Wales or England. The Northern Ireland affairs select committee has recommended the government reimburses business for any new costs incurred and urgently clarifies any new administrative requirements. The government has said it will unveil what new controls will be mandatory in the coming weeks, but a leaked HM Revenue and Customs presentation to Northern Ireland businesses showed at least three layers of red tape would be imposed from January.
Labour: end Russia report stalling The long-delayed report into Russian infiltration in the UK should be published next week, before parliament goes into recess, Labour MPs have insisted. Nine months ago its release was blocked by Boris Johnson ahead of the general election. Downing Street wants Chris Grayling, the former transport and justice secretary, to chair a Tory-dominated intelligence and security committee that will decide whether to release the report, as written and cleared by intelligence agencies and, belatedly, by Downing Street. Its members could also withhold the document or rewrite it.
Epstein victims to address court Ghislaine Maxwell is due to appear today in Manhattan federal court via video feed over her alleged participation in Jeffrey Epsteins sex trafficking of minor girls. Prosecutors have revealed in court filings that they expect one or more victims will exercise their right to be heard at Maxwells arraignment, and will urge the court not to grant bail. Maxwell, 58, is requesting bail, while prosecutors are fighting her release before trial. Maxwell has repeatedly denied wrongdoing and her lawyers have said she is entitled to the presumption of innocence. In court papers, prosecutors have insisted she is an extreme risk of flight owing to her wealth and background.
Today in Focus podcast: End of golden era?
China and the UK have clashed in recent months over a draconian new security law in Hong Kong and the tech company Huawei. The Guardians Tania Branigan examines whether a much-promoted golden era between the two countries is at an end.
Lunchtime read: Breaking from the pod
Nestlés sleek, chic capsule system changed the way we drink coffee. But in an age when everyones a coffee snob and waste is wickedness, can it survive, asks Ed Cumming.
Illustration: Guardian Design
Sport
Ole Gunnar Solskjær conceded Manchester United were below their best as Southamptons equaliser in the sixth minute of added time cost them the chance to leapfrog Chelsea and Leicester into third place in the Premier League. Barney Ronay writes that overturning Manchester Citys Champions League ban should not be seen as a reason for celebrating in the streets, but this is football so it probably will be. One year on, Eoin Morgan has looked back on Englands stirring ICC World Cup win and declared it actually bigger than cricket.
Lewis Hamilton has demanded Ferrari take action in supporting Formula Ones anti-racist stance, saying every team must be held accountable in promoting the fight. Katie Swan, sixth in the country and 254 in the world when the WTA list was frozen in March, is the topranked player in the Progress Tour championship intended to kickstart the disrupted season for British women on Tuesday. And Washingtons NFL team will soon no longer be called the Redskins, a name long described as racist. Will the host of other teams that use language associated with Native Americans follow suit?
Business
Shares have been falling in Asia so far today, with one indicator of how bad regional damage could get from the coronavirus pandemic coming from the advance estimate of Singapores GDP for the second quarter. It showed a 12.6% year-on-year contraction, confirming Singapores worst recession ever. A White House decision to reject nearly all Chinese maritime claims in the South China Sea has added to jitters.
Boris Johnson is due to chair a national security meeting today that is expected to ban Huawei from future 5G contracts in Britain and phase out its existing equipment. Huawei on Monday reported a sharp slowdown in revenue growth. The pound has been trading around $1.255 and 1.106 while the FTSE is trending around 1.4% lower ahead of the open.
The papers
There is comprehensive coverage (geddit) of the new rule for shoppers in England: Wear a mask or pay a fine says the Guardian front page. Face it! You have to put on a mask thats the Metro.
Guardian front page, Tuesday 14 July 2020.
The Mail says police will hand out on-the-spot penalties from 24 July. The Telegraph points out that the decision follows days of government confusion. The Express covers similar ground and uses for its main picture the same scene as the Telegraph, of Kate, the Duchess of Cambridge, meeting families to launch a BBC website for children. The Times has that pic too its splash is Britain set to confront China with new carrier, an aircraft carrier, that is, which would be stationed in what the paper somewhat quaintly calls the Far East.
Masks are the story in the Mirror too but like several others it gives space to the death of the actor Kelly Preston, who had breast cancer. The FT has Business faces £7bn a year Brexit red tape bill in Gove border plan.
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Pikmin 3 Deluxe Officially Announced For Switch, Includes All DLC And New Content – Nintendo Life

It’s real!

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Not to be a “glass half empty” person, but…
1) Remasters and versions of games from previous platforms are nothing new. What’s more, while Nintendo wants us to plunk down the same amount of money for a Switch version of the same games we played years ago, Microsoft offers owners of current software the assurance of compatibility with future hardware (in many cases, hopefully more to come after Series X launches). Bottom line: as usual, Nintendo is way behind the curve.
2) We’re roughly 90 da…

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Hands on: Samsung Galaxy Note 20 review – TechRadar

This less exciting update is the Note 20 in name only

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The Samsung Galaxy Note 20 is the junior partner in this years Galaxy Note lineup, missing out on a few specs and features compared to the top-end Galaxy Note 20 Ultra that launched alongside it, but coming with a considerably lower price tag.
Its certainly the case that the entry-level Note certainly doesnt look as exciting viewed alongside the companys very best, but if youre looking for some top performance and nearly the best photos in a slightly more affordable handset than the Note 20 Ult…

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PC Andrew Harper: Emergency worker killers ‘should get full life sentence’ – BBC News

PC Andrew Harper’s family calls for “Andrew’s Law” to increase jail terms for killing emergency workers.

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PC Andrew Harper’s wedding took place four weeks before he was killed
The widow of PC Andrew Harper has called for killers of emergency service workers to “spend the rest of their lives in jail”.
Lissie Harper has launched a campaign with the Police Federation for “Andrew’s Law” after her husband was killed on duty in Berkshire.
PC Harper, 28, died when he was dragged for more than a mile along a road by a getaway car in August 2019.
His killers were sentenced last Friday af…

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