So youre not a car designer?
No, at least not until now. I grew up on a farm in Derbyshire around tractors and Land Rovers, but I was interested in cars.
When I was about nine, I wrote to Austin Ro…
Why the UK might hang up on ‘high risk’ Huawei – BBC News
The Chinese telecoms equipment provider’s fate in the UK is set to be revealed on Tuesday.
Image copyrightGetty Images
These are tense times for Huawei and the UK’s telecoms providers.
The prime minister will shortly review use of the Chinese company’s equipment, with MPs set to be informed of his decision on Tuesday.
It seems likely that Boris Johnson will set a deadline by which time the firm should stop being involved in the country’s 5G network. But what’s unclear is whether he’ll also order it to be stripped out of other mobile and fixed-line broadband systems too.
The decision will not only have an impact on the rollout of high-speed data services but could also encourage other countries to rethink their own relationships with Huawei.
What are the options?
In January, the government ordered that Huawei’s market share of 5G and fibre-to-the-premises (FTTP) broadband be capped at 35%, and that it also be removed from the most sensitive part of mobile networks, known as the core.
Since then ministers have said that “over time” they want high-risk vendors – including Huawei – to be excluded outright, but have not said by when.
Some of the UK’s mobile networks have already spent large sums installing Huawei masts and other equipment to connect smartphones to their 5G networks.
Image copyrightHuaweiImage caption
Huawei claims to have the most advanced 5G kit – but the US sanctions threaten its ability to make it
They have said they want about seven years to replace it with another option if they must, and at a push could do it in five.
But some Tory MPs say the deed must be done before 2024’s general election.
The networks claim this would be difficult, not least because today’s 5G base stations are often upgrades of existing 4G kit. So the swap to another supplier is a bigger job than it might seem as it involves replacing much of their 4G infrastructure too.
In regard to broadband, BT’s Openreach division will bear the brunt of any decision.
It currently aims to meet the cap by using two other vendors to build new FTTP capacity rather than by replacing any existing Huawei equipment, which would involve extra cost and effort.
And then there’s the nuclear option.
If Mr Johnson wants Huawei out of the telecoms network altogether, then 70,000 roadside cabinets used to provide existing broadband connections would also need to be refitted.
At that point, the sums and work involved start to become colossal.
Why is this happening?
Geopolitical tension between the US and China is the reason behind the review into the use of Huawei’s technology.
Washington claims Huawei poses a national security risk and has unfairly benefited from government support. Whether these claims are true – and Huawei denies them – the Trump administration clearly sees the company as a totem for the spread of Chinese influence, and is trying to push back.
Image copyrightGetty ImagesImage caption
Huawei’s success as one of China’s biggest brands has also meant that its actions and finances face additional scrutiny
Its latest move is sanctions designed to prevent the firm from being able to get its own chips manufactured.
Neither Huawei nor the third-party fabricators it relies on would be allowed to use American electronic design automation (EDA) software – which is used to design, simulate and produce the firm’s processors – or any other tool based on American intellectual property,
At present there is no quick way to get round this, leading one of the world’s biggest chip producers – TSMC – to stop taking new orders from the Chinese company.
With enough time, Huawei might convince manufacturers to run “de-Americanised” production lines.
But in some cases there are no easy substitutes. In particular, it would lose the ability to make chips as densely packed with transistors as is currently the case, meaning they would not work as efficiently.
As a result, Huawei may have to let others design and make the chips at the heart of its products.
However, UK security chiefs are concerned that this would prevent them being able to vet it equipment as thoroughly.
And it is believed GCHQ’s National Cyber Security Centre has told politicians the balance of risk has shifted as a consequence.
One option that had been considered was for the government to advise – but not order – networks to stop using Huawei’s kit.
But dozens of Tory MPs have made clear they would rebel unless a tougher line is taken.
Bob Seely – a member of the Huawei Interest Group of Conservative MPs – told the BBC he believes the government will announce that no new 5G Huawei kit can be installed after 2021, and all such equipment must be removed by the end of 2025.
“Not everyone would be satisfied by that,” he said, but added that it would be enough to prevent the government losing a parliamentary vote.
What can Huawei do?
For now, the firm seems to be hoping it can sway the prime minister’s mind at the eleventh hour.
Huawei can make the case that it has built up stockpiles of its chips and the sanctions allow foundries outside the US to continue making more until mid-September.
Moreover, it could promise to set aside some of that supply specifically to fulfil UK orders, and thus guarantee that it would not need to ship kit using third-party components to the country for at least two or three years – by which point the US sanctions might be over.
Image copyrightTSMCImage caption
TSMC has stopped taking new orders from Huawei’s HiSilcon chip division
That might satisfy immediate security concerns, but the decision is also a political one.
Huawei hopes any new restrictions are accompanied by a pledge to carry out a follow-up review, leaving the door open to a further U-turn.
But in the light of tensions with China over its treatment of Hong Kong, Boris Johnson might not be in any mind to offer such a concession.
Huawei could still try to mount a legal challenge.
When asked about this possibility, its UK chief Victor Zhang said now was “not the right time to make the case” .
What would be the consequences for the UK?
Ericsson already supplies many of the UK networks with 5G kit and has said it can take on extra demand at a competitive price.
“Commercially, will it cost more? I can guarantee you no,” the firm’s European chief Arun Bansal told the BBC.
Nokia is another existing supplier that could pick up the slack. And – in time – there’s also talk of bringing Samsung and NEC on board too.
But Vodafone has warned that unless operators are given at least seven years to pull Huawei out, then the further rollout of 5G will be slower than planned.
Likewise, Openreach believes it would struggle to meet the prime minister’s 2025 target of “gigabit broadband for all” if it has to replace existing Huawei broadband gear.
Image copyrightReutersImage caption
Openreach’s work to hit a 2025 deadline is already under pressure because of the coronavirus pandemic
There would also be wider ramifications.
Huawei would presumably rethink promises it has made to invest in R&D in the country, including plans for a £1bn development near Cambridge.
Furthermore, China’s ambassador to the UK has said it would damage Britain’s reputation for being a business-friendly, open nation.
“When you get rid of Huawei, it sends it a very wrong message. You punish your image as a country that can conduct independent policy,” said Liu Xiaoming.
On the flipside, a ban might encourage the Trump administration to give the UK a free trade deal that would aid its post-Brexit fortunes.
What are the Wayfair conspiracy theories about child trafficking circulating on Twitter and Reddit? – The Sun
WAYFAIR, an e-commerce company that sells furniture and home-goods, was plagued on Friday with unfounded child sex-trafficking accusations across Twitter and Reddit.
One social media user’s Wayfair accusations about pricey storage cabinets took the internet by storm, similar to the refuted 2016 conspiracy theory known as Pizzagate.
A Twitter user shared photos of the suspicious cabinetsCredit: Twitter
Social media users pointed out that these expensive cabinets were allegedly named after missing girls
What is the Wayfair conspiracy theory?
The Wayfair conspiracy theory is the belief that very expensive cabinets listed for sale on the company’s website were actually missing children.
“Is it possible Wayfair involved in Human trafficking with their WFX Utility collection? Or are these just extremely overpriced cabinets? (Note the names of the cabinets) this makes me sick to my stomach if it’s true,” redditor PrincessPeach1987 questioned on Thursday, according to Newsweek.
Along with the redditor’s statement, a screenshot was shared from Wayfair’s website, showing cabinets – with first names that social media users say happen to be of missing young girls.
The cabinets pictures were named Neriah, Yaritza, Alyvia, and Samiyah – which social media users discovered to be the names of missing girls.
Suspicions arose after the cabinet listings were removed off Wayfair’s website – shortly after the posts became viral.
The Wayfair conspiracy theories come a year after 500 Wayfair employees walked out of the company’s Boston headquarters.
The walkout took place after employees learned that Wayfair had profited off selling beds to detention centers holding migrant children.
Some internet users believe the names of the cabinets are actually the names of missing girls
The Wayfair walkout took place in 2019Credit: Twitter
How expensive are the overpriced cabinets?
The overpriced cabinets ranged from $12,699.99 to $14,499.99.
What did Wayfair say about their extremely high-priced items?
In a statement to Newsweek on Friday, a spokesperson for Wayfair said: “There is, of course, no truth to these claims.
“The products in question are industrial grade cabinets that are accurately priced.
“Recognizing that the photos and descriptions provided by the supplier did not adequately explain the high price point.
“We have temporarily removed the products from site to rename them and to provide a more in-depth description and photos that accurately depict the product to clarify the price point.”
What are people saying on Twitter and Reddit?
In response to the sex-trafficking theory, one Reddit user said: “Well how about the fact that if you look up the SKU # of any of these products named after girls, you will see that the image results on any uncensored search engine (like yandex) shows images of children in bikinis. What do you make of that?”
Despite a lot of social media users appearing to believe the theory, some Twitter users don’t think it’s possible to ship a human inside of a box like the ones shown in the Wayfair photos.
One person tweeted: “I’m pretty sure the US postal service or Fedex would hear a human inside of the box.. not to mention days or weeks in transit they would need food and water and a bathroom pretty positive you can’t just order a human like that, but it’s still sketch that they’re 10,000$+”
They were tweeting in response to another person saying: “Can someone rich take one for the team and order one.”
Another person tweeted: Hi. Just a friendly reminder that #Wayfair isnt trending because the belief is that exploited children are being shipped in cabinets.
“Its trending because the cabinets (among other products, such as shower curtains and blankets) may be a front. Have a nice day.
NBC News reported Ben Collins also chimed in and slammed the conspiracy theory claims.
“Pizzagate/QAnon people have Wayfair trending today. They falsely claim price glitches on storage boxes prove that the company is trafficking children,” Collins tweeted.
“This took off because of a post on Reddit’s r/conspiracy subreddit yesterday, which is a clearinghouse for anonymous paranoia.”
What is the Pizzagate conspiracy theory?
The fictitious online conspiracy theory called “Pizzagate” spread online during Hillary Clinton’s unsuccessful run for presidency in 2016.
It claims that Clinton and her campaign chief ran a child sex ring out of the restaurant.
The conspiracy theory originated on 4chan and was based on emails hacked from the Democratic Party and published by Wikileaks.
It stated that Hillary Clinton and her former campaign manager, John Podesta, ran a child sex ring at Comet Ping Pong in Washington.
The restaurant’s owner, James Alefantis, a Democratic Party donor, appears in the emails in relation to organizing a Democratic fundraiser.
Users of 4chan and Reddit claimed that words in the emails – such as cheese and pizza – were code for young children and sex acts.
Vicky Pattison shares sky garden transformation after partnering up with Wayfair
Coronavirus: Emirates set to cut 9,000 jobs, citing pandemic – BBC News
The Middle Eastern airline will make more redundancies but says it is ‘not as badly off as others’.
Emirates president Sir Tim Clark
The president of Emirates said the Middle Eastern airline is set to cut as many as 9,000 jobs because of the coronavirus pandemic.
It is the first time the world’s biggest long-haul carrier has disclosed how many jobs will be lost.
Prior to the crisis, Emirates had 60,000 staff.
Sir Tim Clark said the airline had already cut a tenth of its staff but said: “We will probably have to let go of a few more, probably up to 15%.”
The global airline industry has been severely impacted by coronavirus, with activity all but grinding to a halt.
In an interview with the BBC, Sir Tim said Emirates was “not as badly off as others”.
But its current situation marks a steep turnaround in the fortunes of the airline, which he said before the pandemic was “heading for one of our best years ever”.
The job cuts sweeping the wider aviation industry are fuelling concern amongst Emirates staff that things might get worse.
The BBC understands there is growing frustration at what they see as poor communications and transparency from the airline.
At least 700 of the airline’s 4,500 pilots were given redundancy notices this week, which means at least 1,200 have been told their jobs are going since the coronavirus crisis started.
The cuts have been focussed on those who fly Airbus planes, rather than Boeing aircraft.
Emirates flies superjumbo Airbus A380s which hold around 500 passengers. Whereas the Boeing 777s it flies hold fewer passengers and are therefore easier to fill during this period of decreased airline travel.
00Thousands of cabin crew have also been told they are no longer needed.
The International Air Transport Association, which represents 290 airlines, is forecasting that the world’s airlines will lose more than $84bn and one million jobs this year.
This week United Airlines, one of the big three in the US, warned its staff that it may have to cut 36,000 staff because of the huge fall in demand for air travel.
Helane Becker, managing director and senior research analyst at investment firm Cowen said given “the continuing issues surrounding the pandemic” she expects US airlines to cull up to 200,000 of their 750,000 staff this year.
US aviation unions are pushing the federal government to add to the $25bn bailout package it has provided so far.
As part of the conditions for receiving state help, airlines have to protect jobs until the end of September.
But IATA says there are wider benefits in doing so.
A spokesman said the scale of job cuts in the aviation sector “shows the severe economic crisis facing the industry and all who depend on air connectivity”.
Adding that its perfectly understandable that governments have put restrictions in place to try and keep people safe from coronavirus “but this should be done in the full knowledge of the economic and social consequences”.
Watch Sir Tim Clark’s full interview on “Talking Business with Aaron Heslehurst” this on BBC World News at Saturday 2330 GMT.
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